Juvenile Diabetes Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Juvenile Diabetes Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

According to a study conducted in 1992, there were approximately 97000 children with diabetes in India. When it comes to kids even an upset tummy is pretty worrisome for parents. Imagine their plight when the kids are diagnosed with diabetes. This blog entails all you know about Juvenile Diabetes Causes, Symptoms & Treatment.

Diabetes in kids, also known as juvenile diabetes is a serious medical condition and requires due medical attention. In this article, we would be discussing this medical condition in detail and educate our readers about what causes juvenile diabetes, how to detect it in your young ones and what could be done to cure/prevent it.

What causes diabetes in children?Juvenile Diabetes Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Sadly, the current medical science and the scientific community is still attempting to find out the causative agents for diabetes in children. There is no conclusive evidence as to why juveniles are facing this medical condition. Diabetes is categorized into two distinctive attributes or types and they are Type 1 Diabetes & Type 2 Diabetes. Unfortunately, kids are now been tormented by both of them.

As per the current knowledge of the condition Juvenile type 1 diabetes is caused when the children’s own immune system turns against them, destroying the insulin-producing islet cells in the pancreas. Role of genetics is been explored with respect to this autoimmune disorder but as mentioned earlier there is no conclusive scientific evidence backing it.

Type 2 Diabetes in children is presently being attributed to obesity and tummy fat. In this condition, the body of the child becomes resistant to insulin and at the same time the pancreas are also not producing enough insulin to process and maintain the blood sugar levels.

What can juvenile diabetes lead to?

We cannot overemphasize the seriousness of juvenile diabetes. As mentioned earlier juvenile diabetes is of two types and we would be mentioning the additional complications that can occur alongside diabetes in the table below.

Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes
Children suffering from type 1 diabetes are prone to developing heart-related medical conditions like coronary heart disease. Type 2 diabetes often leads to high blood pressure in children. Although it may happen at a later stage of life.
Uncontrolled blood sugar level leads to nerve damage. It can affect multiple organs, children with diabetes are also likely to have nerve damage in the eyes. Type 2 diabetes also causes high cholesterol levels in the blood vessels of the children.
Type 1 Diabetes also leads to kidney damage in children which at times can be fatal or call for a kidney transplant. Diseases related to heart are very common in children with type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes can also make children more prone to skin diseases. Type 2 diabetes might even lead to children suffering from a stroke.
It also decreases the bone density in children and might eventually lead to osteoporosis. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is also common in children with type 2 diabetes and might ultimately lead to liver failure.
Diseases of the kidney are also pretty prevalent in children with this type of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes might also pave way for diabetic blindness and gangrene in limbs particularly in feet and legs, this condition would require amputation of affected organs in order to stop the progression of the condition.

Juvenile Diabetes Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

 Image Credit – TOI

Symptoms of Diabetes in Children

Juvenile Diabetes Causes, Symptoms & Treatment: Children suspected of suffering from diabetes might show certain symptoms. Here we have listed some of the prominent symptoms that might be observed in children suffering from diabetes.

Symptoms Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes
Yeast Infection Babies suspected of having type 1 Diabetes would have frequent diaper rashes attributed to yeast infection. Girls would show frequent genital yeast infections. Generally, in Type 2 Diabetes yeast infections are not observed.
Hunger Pangs Children suspected of having type 1 diabetes would show sudden and extreme hunger bouts as there is a sudden drop in blood sugar levels. There are no hunger pangs with type 2 diabetes.
Fatigue Owing to less efficient blood sugar mechanism of the body the child would be in a constant state of fatigue. Fatigue is observed in children with type 2 diabetes.
Mood Swings You may observe mood swings and irritability in the child. Children suffering from type 2 diabetes, in general, do not show signs of irritability and mood swings.
Ketone Breath When the body burns fat instead of sugars a chemical substance called ketone is produced which leads to fruity smelling breath. If you notice this in your child, then chances are that he might be suffering from type 1 diabetes. No ketone breath is observed in general with type 2 diabetes.
Vision Defect A high blood sugar level pulls the fluids away from the lens of the eyes resulting in blurred vision. If this happens with your child then there is a chance that he might be suffering from Type 1 Diabetes Your child might have blurred vision owing to the lack of proper fluid volume near the lens of the eyes.
Frequent Urination and

Increased Thirst

Elevated blood sugar levels pull fluids from the cells leading to an increased fluid volume in the body, the body deals with it by removing the excess fluid in form of urine. This leads to frequent urination and increased thirst. If your toilet trained child is now into bed wetting then it’s time to be cautious and get him checked for type 1 diabetes. Frequent urination and Increased thirst are observed in this case too and for the same reasons as in type 1 diabetes.
Weight Loss If your child is losing weight without any apparent reason, then you should get him checked for type 1 diabetes. Without proper blood sugar the tissues of the body get wasted and hence a sudden and rapid weight loss is observed in people and children suffering from Type 1 Diabetes. Weight loss is also observed.


Having read our article on Juvenile Diabetes Causes, Symptoms & Treatment, you would know by now that there is no particular cure for diabetes. Diabetes is a condition which needs to be managed with aid of medical care. Your child would require constant health monitoring and would have to live an active life and eat healthily. One thing we are sure of in this scenario is that diabetes is a medical condition which can be very well managed and those suffering can lead a normal and quality life. In case you notice one or more of the diabetes symptoms mentioned above then we would urge you to get your child checked by a doctor promptly. Happy Parenting! 🙂

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21 Comment(s)

  • by Prerna Sinha Posted July 21, 2018 4:25 am

    Diabetes in little kids has actually become a huge issue these days.

  • by Roma Gupta Sinha Posted July 21, 2018 1:05 pm

    This indeed is critical information my dear and should be passed on to as many parents as possible. Sharing it in my network.

  • by Rashmi Posted July 21, 2018 2:54 pm

    This made a great read. Very informative, didn’t know sleep is critical to fight Juvenile diabetes. In the mad rush of today’s rat race, we compromise on our well-deserved, well-desired sleep. Now I’m going to sleep more guilt-free 😉

  • by Charu Chhitwal Posted July 21, 2018 3:58 pm

    If managed well it can be handled well. My niece has has the same issue and she is completely trained now to look after herself

    • by Ekta Posted July 23, 2018 3:33 pm

      Yes Charu, it’s a big shock initially. Slowly, kids adapt to it! They are stronger than we think they are! 🙂

  • by Jiya B Posted July 21, 2018 4:28 pm

    A very good and insightfull details for the parents and kids who are struggling with juvenile Diabetes.

    • by Ekta Posted July 23, 2018 3:32 pm

      Thanks Jiya.

  • by Mrinal Posted July 21, 2018 5:32 pm

    Oh my god! I had no idea the widespread of diabetes in children & guess this is only going to soar in the future! Thanks for this post! It was really helpful, I should be alert. If it can occur to a child in the neighbourhood, definitely can happen to mine.

  • by Reetuparna Posted July 21, 2018 6:50 pm

    Gosh juvenile diabetes is so a matter of concern! I had no idea about the causes, symptoms, or even so the occurrence of juvenile diabetes. Good that it can be treated with regular health monitoring.

    • by Ekta Posted July 23, 2018 3:30 pm

      It’s sometimes tough to detect Juvenile Diabetes in early stage. Many early symptoms are over-looked by parents since kids play alot (eg. Symptom – Fatigue) or are very active & throw tantrums.

  • by Khadija Posted July 21, 2018 6:52 pm

    I knew juvenile diabetes existed. But didn’t know they have these many symptoms. Really a very helpful post

  • by Dipika Singh Posted July 21, 2018 7:16 pm

    This is alarming, and the way it is expanding it’s spread across the younger generation is scary. Many reports, researches point out to various reasons, but the unhealthy lifestyle is most common of all. It’s time we get serious about health in kids.

    • by Ekta Posted July 23, 2018 3:28 pm

      Yes, it;s predominantly lifestyle. Our lifestyle can have a major bearing on our child’s health.

  • by jhilmil Posted July 21, 2018 8:31 pm

    Juvenile diabetes is indeed frightening, one of my friends son was diagnosed of the same at the age of 5 years and the major symptom was eye defect and lots of fatigue for most of the time.

    • by Ekta Posted July 23, 2018 3:27 pm

      Oh, sorry to know Jhilmil. Hope is doing fine.

  • by Sabeeka Lambe Posted July 22, 2018 9:42 am

    Such a well researched, informative one… Most doctors these days are busy 7 do not help us with in-depth know-how’s of a particular condition, complication or a disease during our pregnancy since they see many patients in a day. Having heard vaguely about the foods that help fight Diabetes, I’m going to try incorporate these in daily life to keep Diabetes at bay.

  • by Rakhi Parsai Posted July 22, 2018 6:38 pm

    This is one of the most important subjects that needed attention and discussions around it. While I was pregnant with my daughter I had developed gestational diabetes and was constantly worried about me transferring it to my daughter. Due to lack of knowledge, I was not really sure how it all works. This post by you clearly state all the details of juvenile diabetes. I am sure most of us parents will find it useful and will stay alert with the symptoms mentioned here.

    • by Ekta Posted July 23, 2018 1:58 pm

      Thank you so much Rakhi. My cousin developed Diabetes too during her 2nd trimester, however, post delivery it became normal without too many efforts. But for some mothers, its essential to adhere to strict diet.

  • by Deepika Verma Posted July 22, 2018 10:36 pm

    This is so insightful!! I wasn’t aware that Diabetes can cause fatty liver & stroke in chikdren too(and not just adults)! Definitely going to make a note to this. Thanks.

  • by Priyanka Posted July 22, 2018 11:29 pm

    it is necessary to control 1 diabetes or fall for serious or life-threatening problems.. very eye opening post

    • by Ekta Posted July 23, 2018 1:53 pm

      True Priyanka, best to not ignore early symptoms. Diabetes causes failure of many organs if left untreated.

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