- Lower Back Pain During Pregnancy – Causes & Treatment
- What causes back pain during Pregnancy?
- Excessive weight gain during pregnancy
- Shift in the center of gravity
- Change in posture or position during pregnancy
- Stress during pregnancy
- Muscle separation
- Previous health records
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy
- How to treat back pain during pregnancy?
- How to prevent back pain during pregnancy
- Best Yoga Poses During Pregnancy -
- Bound Angle Pose (Baddha Konasana)
- Easy pose (Sukhasana)
- Extended Triangle Pose (Utthita Trikonasana)
- Lotus Pose (Padmasana)
- Warrior II pose (Virabhadrasana)
Lower Back Pain During Pregnancy – Causes & Treatment
What causes back pain during Pregnancy?[caption id="attachment_4203" align="alignleft" width="1000"]
Excessive weight gain during pregnancyThe weight of the growing baby and the uterus puts pressure on the blood vessels and nerves in the pelvis and back resulting in back pain during pregnancy. A normal weight gain during pregnancy is anywhere between 11 – 15 kga. Beyond that it becomes difficult for the spine to hold on to the additional weight. This is the foremost reason for back pain in pregnant women. The pressure also pinches your sciatic nerve and causes the pain to run down the back of your legs.
Shift in the center of gravityPregnancy shifts your center of gravity – to a small extent, but it hardly gets noticed as your body adjusts to maintain it’s posture. This causes back pain or strain in many cases.
Change in posture or position during pregnancyWrong posture, standing on one leg, excessive standing, bending frequently over the waist are all the contributing factors. This results in you adjusting your posture and the way you move causing a strain on your back. According to NHS you should avoid lifting heavy objects right from your 1st trimester.
Stress during pregnancyEmotional, physical or psychological stress levels also determine the well being of the expecting mother. An increase in the stress levels leads to severely tightening of muscles leading to chronic back pain. Emotional stress can cause your muscles to be tense in the back. This tension is then felt as pain or back spasms. This pain increases whenever you face stressful periods in your pregnancy.
Muscle separationAs the uterus expands, two sheets of muscles- the rectus abdominus run parallel from the rib cage to the pubic bone; they might get separated along the center seam causing severe back ache.
Previous health recordsAny previous history of back pain, injury to the pelvis, hormonal imbalance, strenuous/monotonous work schedule, hypertension could all be the contributing factors for back pain or strain. Also read - Food & Skin Allergies during Pregnancy
Hormonal changes during pregnancyDuring pregnancy, the body releases a hormone called ‘relaxin’ which causes the loosening of the ligaments in your pelvis and makes the joints looser in preparation for the delivery process. So the ligaments around the back and spine also get loosened, thereby making it more susceptible to injury, instability & pain.
Fluid Retention & OedemaRaised hormone levels cause your body to retain water during pregnancy. This causes your feet to get swollen and you feeling bloated. Your growing uterus puts pressure on the veins carrying blood back from your lower body partially blocked blood flow and retaining the fluid in your legs and feet.
How to treat back pain during pregnancy?There is no established connection between 'pregnancy' and 'back pain'. However, the good news is that this pain will disappear gradually after the child’s birth, or in many cases even before that. There are 12 simple and practical tips we would like to share with you which help you to ease or minimize your back pain & swelling. Dealing with the pains during pregnancy can be very stressful. With the added weight and the pressure of the growing baby, the pains just cause a lot of added stress and strain. Regular exercise during pregnancy Following a regular exercise routine will help you both in the short run and long run to strengthen your body, especially the core muscles and back muscles. It boosts your muscle flexibility and helps you to strengthen your spine. The recommended activities could be swimming, walking, stationary cycling, squatting, yoga. Depending upon your health condition, your gynecologist would suggest you a preferred exercise regime; including stretching, tummy and stabilization exercises will be very helpful to keep you healthy and fit! Monitor your weight - While it is normal to gain about 10-15 kgs during pregnancy, excessive weight gain aggravates swellings and can lead to other complications.
Elevate your feetKeep your feet raised upto 6-12 inches above the level of your heart for 15-20 minutes atleast 3-4 times a day. This helps in easy flow of blood back to your lungs and heart. Dress up right This might not seem that important a factor, but it actually is! Right from your inner wear to the shoes you choose to wear – everything should be well thought of before you make the choice. Choosing to wear loose fitting clothes, flat heels, wearing maternity garments which have supportive bands to support your belly, the right size of maternity bra are some of the pre requisites you need to look into when you plan your shopping list. The whole underlying idea is that you need to be comfortable while you move around so that oxygen supply to the muscles is the maximum. Ideal sleep position during pregnancy [caption id="attachment_4204" align="alignleft" width="1280"]
- Avoid standing for long hours. In case your work demands it, then take breaks and take a while to rest on a chair.
- Place a rolled up towel behind your back to provide rest to the back.
- Avoid crossing your legs.
- Your feet should not be hanging in air; support them on a stack of blocks or a small stool.
- Always stand straight with your shoulder pulled back
- Sleeping on your side with a pillow is very effective as it reduces the strain on your back.
Try rotation exercisesSit with one leg raised. Rotate that ankle 10 times to the right and then 10 times to the left. Repeat these 10 times in your other leg as well. This helps improve the circulation around your ankles and reduces swelling.
How to prevent back pain during pregnancyWell, back pain, as we mentioned earlier is bound to happen as the spine bears the brunt of holding the extra pounds added during pregnancy. However, the relieving news is that we can include yoga exercises in our workout regime on a regular basis as it works wonders because it is a perfect combination of strengthening and stretching. Performing cardio vascular exercises for 15 – 30 minutes in a day on a regular basis and that too at a moderate level can be very helpful in strengthening the entire system. And plus it helps you maintain a healthy heart rate and pulse rate.
Best Yoga Poses During Pregnancy -
This pose is very helpful in preparing the body gradually to ease childbirth. Practice of this asana has multi-benefits including relieving stress, fatigue, anxiety and depression.
Bound Angle Pose (Baddha Konasana)
As easy as the name suggests, this is one of the easiest poses you could practice to simply strengthen your back, spine, knees and ankles.
Easy pose (Sukhasana)
Extended Triangle Pose is the quintessential standing pose in many styles of yoga. It is an excellent stretching pose which works on hips, groins, hamstrings and calves, shoulder and chest. It is proven to be very helpful in relieving backpain during the second trimester of pregnancy; rich in therapeutic benefits too.
Extended Triangle Pose (Utthita Trikonasana)
Head to Knee Forward Bend(Janu Sirsasana)
Very helpful for relieving back pain especially during the second trimester of pregnancy.
This pose is said to stimulate pelvis. Spine, abdomen and bladder; which in turn is very helpful in easing child birth.
Lotus Pose (Padmasana)
Warrior II pose (Virabhadrasana)Another excellent asana which provides relief from back strain, especially during the second trimester of pregnancy. It is an effective stretching pose which also helps in strengthening of the groin, chest, lungs and shoulders. Hope these yoga poses word out the best for helping in providing relief from back strain. However, it is always better to perform them under the supervision of a trained yoga instructor.
When should you visit your doctor?If the pain becomes unbearable and lasts for more than 2 weeks, you must visit your physician immediately. Also, if you experience the following along with your aches, you must consult your doctor for further guidance.
- Your pain is severe and is progressively worsening or is caused by trauma.
- You have fever, vaginal bleeding or a burning sensation when you pass urine.
- There is tingling or loss of sensation in one or both legs or you suddenly feel weak and cannot move.
- If the pain is sudden and wasn’t there before the third trimester, then it could a sign of preterm labour.
- If the pain is accompanied with fever, nausea, vomiting or giddiness.
A doting mom to an angel, Social Media Specialist & Professional Blogger. She loves to share her thoughts with other parents in the same turbulent boat. She absolutely loves & adores her family & is learning to strike a good work-life balance. When she is not writing, cooking or busy taking care of her toddler, she probably is dancing to some good desi music!